In exploring the Word Confusions, I kept coming across a note in brackets about the word being [as modifier], so I thought I’d explore some more. God knows lexicographers and grammarians love to come up with minute categorizations for everything in the universe that has to do with the English language.
And that’s what they’re doing here. They can’t even decide what a true combined form is. I suspect it’s most useful as a way to categorize one of the different ways a noun can be used.
Grammar Explanations is…
…an evolving list of the structural rules and principles that determines where words are placed in phrases or sentences as well as how the language is spoken. Sometimes I run across an example that helps explain better or another “also known as”. Heck, there’s always a better way to explain it, so if it makes quicker and/or better sense, I would appreciate suggestions and comments from anyone… Are there areas of grammar with which you struggle? If you’d like to track it, bookmark this page and consider sharing this Grammar Explanation with friends by tweeting it.
|Credit to: Dictionary.com; Dieter Kastovsky|
|Definition: A word that is only part of a larger word (bound morpheme). While similar to an affix (a general term for infix, prefix, and suffix), a combining form creates a new word with its own meaning. Be warned, lexicographers still haven’t made a clear distinction between combined forms and affixes (Kastovsky).
There are two types of combined forms:
|Most Common Use of Combined Forms|
Also see noun modifier in Noun.
|Types of Combined Forms|
|Compound Word||Definition: A compound word can be open, hyphenated, or closed. They may be permanent or temporary, compound modifiers, or words formed with prefixes, and how they are treated can depend on whether they’re adjectives, adverbs, or nouns.|
|Derivative||Definition: A word created using an independent word with a single, restricted meaning.|
|Combined with an Affix||Definition: Different from an affix because it is a part of a word that combines with an affix, as one cannot create a word by combining affixes, i.e., there is no such word combining pro- + -ic.|
|Borrowed From Another Language||Definition: An independent or combined-form word borrowed from another language.|